Copyright trolls

New Matthew Sag’s paper is an essential milestone in the fight against copyright extortion

Yesterday Matthew Sag, a Law Professor at Loyola University Chicago School of Law and the Associate Director of the Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies published his second copyright troll-related paper “Defense Against the Dark Arts of Copyright Trolling.” This paper was co-authored with Jake Haskell – a recent graduate of Loyola University Law School. The first prof. Sag’s work on this topic, “Copyright Trolling, An Empirical Study,” published by the Iowa Law Review in 2015, was mostly a statistical analysis of mass bittorent litigation in the US. Nonetheless, that paper was widely quoted by the defense bar and even judges.

The new work goes far beyond the indifferent observer’s position: strongly (by academic standards) condemning the copyright trolling phenomenon, prof. Sag analyses the cogs of the bittorent litigation machinery, enumerates the majority the Achilles’s Heels of the trolling business model, and gives some solid practical recommendations to defense attorneys. While seasoned Doe defenders won’t likely find a lot of new information, there is a myriad of otherwise competent IP lawyers who never wandered into the bittorent litigation corner of the legal landscape, and one of the paper’s main goals is to empower such attorneys with knowledge, so that they would help their clients efficiently and cheaply (thus, driving down the profitability of the legal shakedown):

[…] defendants may seek legal advice from attorneys who do not know enough about copyright litigation to realize how weak the plaintiff’s case is and who rightly conclude on a cost-benefit analysis that it would be cheaper to settle than to properly investigate the strength of the claim.

[…] our objective in this Article is to make it easier for lawyers without substantial experience in copyright law or a deep understanding of the Internet to be able to defend their clients against copyright trolls. In our view, lawyers should not charge large fees to settle weak allegations but instead should either charge low fees for quick settlements for actual infringers or reasonable fees to defend their non-infringing clients. […]

The other major goal is to provide a clear bigger picture to the US federal judges and magistrates. Because copyright trolling business model is largely based on sleazy attorneys taking advantage of unrepresented laypeople, many judges never had a chance to hear competent counterarguments and hence have been making their decisions based solely on trolls’ misinterpretations.

However, lawyers are not the only ones with a social and ethical responsibility to take the problem of copyright trolling seriously. District court judges have an inherent authority to control their own proceedings and significant discretion to supervise discovery and in areas such as attorney’s fees and statutory damages. We hope that judges will take steps to discourage the abusive use of civil litigation and find ways to manage John Doe copyright litigation in the interests of justice and consistent with the goals of copyright.

When we, anonymous bloggers, ring alarms – no matter how well evidenced – the impact on judiciary is limited. It doesn’t require an explanation why judges will listen to a law professor much more attentively. Therefore, I expect this paper to have a greater impact on the current legal situation than my six-year layperson’s advocacy.


  • Matthew Sag: Prenda is gone, but copyright trolling continues

    It is satisfying to see justice finally catch up with Steele and Hansmeier, but anyone who thinks that this is the end of copyright trolling has not been paying attention. In fact, other than a brief hiccup in early 2016, the filing of lawsuits designed to extract settlements from alleged online pirates has only increased since Prenda went out of business.


wordpress counter


5 responses to ‘New Matthew Sag’s paper is an essential milestone in the fight against copyright extortion

  1. It’s sad, but true. Judges give more credence to law professors and academics than they do to other lawyers or those (such as yourself) who know more about these cases then any academic ever could.

  2. The paper is several things: an empirical/analytical study, an urging of the federal judiciary to take a harder look at these lawsuits and, above all, a defense manifesto. The paper carefully examines copyright troll lawsuits and finds them lacking from an evidentiary and potentially fraudulent perspective. The footnotes, alone, are eye widening. Well worth a careful read.

  3. “At the hearing, defendant’s counsel also emphasized that the software
    and methods used by Excipio fail to adequately demonstrate that defendant downloaded a
    complete copy of plaintiff’s copyrighted work(s).
    However, plaintiff’s own computer forensics expert and a former computer crimes detective, Patrick Paige, purportedly tested and verified the accuracy of Excipio’s software.”

    This is from an order filed on 3/3/17 ( Reading the order it is abundantly clear that the judge does not understand the technological issues at all. Not to mention using a discredited expert’s opinion.

    So while this paper is great and I think that the tide is shifting, there are still many people being victimized in districts like CAED. I have a friend who is one of them. He will undoubtedly settle, rather than have his 70 year old wife be deposed by some smut dealers sleazy attorneys. The vigilance of the courts has been abysmally dismal, for the most part. It does not look as though the judges in the CAED realize or care that their poor work enables the victimization of innocent people. It is very disheartening to hear an innocent person say that they are going to settle, partly due to the knowledge that their judge is woefully ill prepared to preside over the matter. Can I email the judge a copy of this report?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s